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GCSE Migration

Key Term Notes
Population structure Dividing the population of an area into age groups: usually, 0-14, 15-65 and over 65. The first and last groups are children and elderly (often retired) people. The middle group contains most of the working (economically active) population.
Socio-economic group In the UK people are grouped according to the type of work they do. This often relates to income, with the professional group earning most and the unskilled least
Housing tenure This refers to who actually owns the house or property - the people who live in it (owner occupiers) or who it is rented from (private landlord/council, etc.)
Amenities These are facilities such as central heating, double glazing, running water, energy supply, etc.
Quality of life How a person lives. Their lifestyle or standard of living.
Indicator Something which can be measured and used. For example, low life expectancy may indicate a poor quality of life
Migration People moving from one place to another to live push factors reasons for moving away from a place pull factors reasons for moving to a place rural countryside area urban town or city (built up areas)
Types of migration Internal migration within a country international migration from one country to another voluntary people migrating by choice forced people who are forced to move e.g. because of wars or persecution (including refugees and asylum seekers) illegal moving into another country without permission

Last Updated on 08/05/01
By KS